“Imperialism and NATO – seriously concerned about the revolutionary wave unleashed in the Arab world, which produces a large portion of the oil sustaining the consumer economies of the rich, developed countries – could not miss the opportunity to take advantage of Libya’s internal conflict to promote a military intervention. The statements formulated by the United States government from early on were clearly in this vein.”
-Fidel Castro (NATO’s inevitable war)
by BJ Murphy
After over a month of deciding whether or not the Libyan rebel opposition are a legitimate “democratic” movement, or whether or not Gaddafi is really on the side of imperialism, despite the best efforts of both mainstream press and so-called “revolutionary leftists” to paint such an environment, quite the opposite has been revealed.
Editorial picture regarding the invasion of Libya.
According to The New York Times
, the CIA have “..inserted clandestine operatives into Libya to gather intelligence for military airstrikes and make contacts with rebels battling Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi’s forces.”1
This has also been slightly confirmed by the rebels, where “Maj Gen Suleiman Mahmoud, the second-in-command for the rebels, told the BBC that rebels forces needed time, patience and help to organise themselves,” and that “..allied liaison officers were working with the rebels to organise raids.”2
In addition to the American CIA, we have British officials stating that “..dozens of British special forces and MI6 intelligence officers are working inside Libya.”3 All while British media, the BBC, are stating that both the “US and Britain have suggested the UN resolution authorising international action in Libya could also permit the supply of weapons.”4
On March 27, President Obama had laid down a live speech to the American people on the US’s current role in Libya. Despite what we now know, with the CIA taking part in covert missions with the Libyan opposition, Obama tried claiming that “..America’s role would be limited; that we would not put ground troops into Libya; that we would focus our unique capabilities on the front end of the operation and that we would transfer responsibility to our allies and partners. Tonight, we are fulfilling that pledge.”5
Of course, this wasn’t the only misleading statement made by Obama through this speech.
Al Qaeda and the rebel opposition
“I’ve made it clear that I will never hesitate to use our military swiftly, decisively, and unilaterally when necessary to defend our people, our homeland, our allies and our core interests. That’s why we’re going after al Qaeda wherever they seek a foothold. That is why we continue to fight in Afghanistan,” said President Obama.6 And of course, he’s also implying the same towards Libya as well.
The problem with this assertion of his is that, despite his claim of “going after al Qaeda,” in truth, the US are aiding al Qaeda against Libya’s President Gaddafi. This was all according to Libyan rebel commander Abdel-Hakim al-Hasidi, placing al Qaeda in a good light, stating that “members of al-Qaeda are also good Muslims and are fighting against the invader.”7 One can only guess as to who they mean “the invader”. My guess is that they’re talking about the US in Afghanistan. Of course, this then only makes such actions irrelevant, given the clear aid being received by those exact same invaders.
This was, of course, first mentioned and warned by Col. Gaddafi that the rebel opposition were fighting alongside with al-Qaeda.8 Though, the media had only then twisted his words as nothing more than mere conspiracy theories.
What’s interesting of this link between the US’s CIA and al-Qaeda working together to overthrow a regime that doesn’t fit well with the West’s foreign interests is that we’re witnessing nothing more than déjà vu. And by déjà vu, I mean with the history of Afghanistan during its socialist leadership by the People’s Democratic Party (PDPA).9
Where the US’s CIA funded and trained Osama Bin Laden and the Mujahideen (what would later split into two known terrorist organizations – the Taliban and al-Qaeda) in order to overthrow the govt. of socialist Afghanistan, we’re now witnessing history repeat itself as the CIA are aiding both al-Qaeda and the rebel opposition against the govt. of socialist Libya, in what now seems pretty clear of being the end goal – regime change.
Who are leading the rebel opposition?
Through a single article posted by The Washington Post, we were able to gather up enough information to realize who were members of the National Conference for the Libyan Opposition (NCLO) – the “transitional council” that’s leading the rebel opposition. According to the Post, “the rebels have created a government-in-waiting known as the National Transitional Council. […] The group includes activists who have fought Gaddafi for decades and recent defectors.”10
‘That’s nothing!’ you may say. Of course, there’s more:
“Other national council members include a U.S.-educated political science professor, a well-known youth leader and a relative of Libya’s former monarch who spent 31 years in prison for allegedly participating in a coup attempt against Gaddafi. The council has also tapped experienced diplomats who defected to represent them in Western and Arab capitals.
“Mahmoud Jibril, a U.S.-educated professor and former head of Libya’s National Economic Development Board, is the rebel leadership’s foreign affairs representative and is expected to meet with Clinton in Cairo. A 2009 U.S. diplomatic cable released by Wikileaks and written by the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Gene Cretz, described Jibril as “a serious interlocutor who ‘gets’ the U.S. perspective.”11
So, not only do we have a rebel opposition being aided by both the CIA and al-Qaeda, we also have a “transitional council” leading said rebels who contain Western-educated Professors who “gets the U.S. perspective” and family members of the ousted royal family of former Libyan King Idris as members of said council.
What makes the “transitional council” even more interesting is the fact that the imperialist countries currently waging a war against Libya’s independence had also recognized the council as the “legitimate govt.” of Libya.12 Completely disregarding the current, true govt. of Libya being led by Col. Gaddafi.
Why have the coalition forces invaded Libya?
What began as a coalition force conducting a no-fly zone over Libya and air-strikes on several cities held by the pro-Gaddafi forces, and now turning into a NATO-led war (can somebody say Yugoslavia?13), what is unclear, at least in the eyes of the mainstream press and liberal/conservatives who are not conscious enough to even remotely understand what’s going on in Libya, is the reason behind the invasion in the first place.
According to President Obama:
“Qaddafi chose to escalate his attacks, launching a military campaign against the Libyan people. Innocent people were targeted for killing. […] Military jets and helicopter gunships were unleashed upon people who had no means to defend themselves against assaults from the air.
“Confronted by this brutal repression and a looming humanitarian crisis, I ordered warships into the Mediterranean. […] And so at my direction, America led an effort with our allies at the United Nations Security Council to pass a historic resolution that authorized a no-fly zone to stop the regime’s attacks from the air, and further authorized all necessary measures to protect the Libyan people.”14
Of course, like everything else Obama had stated in his speech, this wasn’t exactly accurate.
According to the Western think-tank “international intelligence” International Institute for Strategic Studies, through an hour long military briefing, it was stated:
“When the globalist policy wonks speak frankly, outside the short attention span of the general public, they talk of Qaddafi’s professional forces taking special care to avoid civilian casualties knowing full well it will fuel calls for Western intervention.”15
When asked on whether or not there was any confirmation to the media claims of Libyan civilians were being killed by pro-Gaddafi forces through air-strikes, Sec. Gates stated that he'd "seen the press reports, but we have no confirmation of that."
Though, that’s not all. During a Department of Defense news briefing with Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Mike Mullen, when asked on whether or not there was any confirmation to the media claims of Libyan civilians were being killed by pro-Gaddafi forces through air-strikes, both Sec. Gates and Adm. Mullen stated that they’d “..seen no confirmation whatsoever.”16
What only makes the reports claiming the contrary even more confusing, according to Russian military intelligence, during the first month of civil-war conflict in Libya, there were no use of air-strikes whatsoever. This was all, according to them, confirmed via satellite.17
So, since we can pretty much scratch off “civilian air-strike casualties” as reason for the coalition/NATO invasion, what else could’ve led them to want to overthrow the current govt. of Libya? OH! That’s right, oil!
On March 16, just a day before the US announced that they were not only going to support a no-fly zone in Libya, but also air-strikes,18 Col. Gaddafi had announced what Western powers long feared:
“We do not believe the West any longer, that is why we invite Russian, Chinese and Indian companies to invest in Libya’s oil and construction spheres. […] We do not trust their firms – they took part in the conspiracy against us.”19
To top it all off, since 2009, Col. Gaddafi had been wanting to nationalize the Libyan oil industry, reason being due to loss of profits because of privatization under foreign interests.20
And what are the rebel opposition doing about this? According to BBC News, the rebels have signed an oil export deal with Qatar – one of the known imperialist forces fighting with the coalition against Col. Gaddafi.21
So, clearly, Gaddafi began placing a large barrier between the West’s private corporations and the large oil supply located in Libya. And by what means do the West go by to reaffirm control over said supply? Regime change.
Do the Libyan people stand with imperialism or independence?
During the first month of the civil-war conflict taking place in Libya, media reports were coming in that Col. Gaddafi was paying off “mercenaries” to kill members of the rebel opposition. What first became clear was that the so-called “mercenaries” were actually African migrants who were known for crossing to Libya to find work.22
Thousands of Libyans stand as human shields against the U.S./European imperialist bombing of the Libyan state.
From then on, we started receiving reports of the rebel opposition waging a racist campaign of executing,23
and imprisoning these African migrants.25
Of course, what came as no surprise to those who actually paid attention to the events of Libya, according to Human Rights Watch, they had found no evidence of there being “mercenaries” in Libya whatsoever.26
So, what started as a story of the “Libyan people vs. mercenaries”, then evolved into what we now realize as a civil war between the people of Libya – those loyal to Col. Gaddafi vs. those against him.
According to President Obama, “Qaddafi had lost the confidence of his people and the legitimacy to lead,” and so, because of such, Col. Gaddafi “..needed to step down from power.”27 But has Col. Gaddafi really lost the confidence of his people, overall that is?
Well, according to a report by Stratfor, a pro-imperialist, anti-Gaddafi “global intelligence” company:
“According to the narrative, Gadhafi should quickly have been overwhelmed — but he wasn’t. He actually had substantial support among some tribes and within the army. All of these supporters had a great deal to lose if he was overthrown. Therefore, they proved far stronger collectively than the opposition, even if they were taken aback by the initial opposition successes. To everyone’s surprise, Gadhafi not only didn’t flee, he counterattacked and repulsed his enemies.
“One of the parts of the narrative is that the tyrant is surviving only by force and that the democratic rising readily routs him. The fact is that the tyrant had a lot of support in this case, the opposition wasn’t particularly democratic, much less organized or cohesive, and it was Gadhafi who routed them.”28
Not too long ago, we had been given word that the largest known tribe in Libya – the Warfalla tribe – were siding with Gaddafi, demanding for reconciliation instead of a civil war:
“Some are youths who want things but have been exploited. Do they want to divide the country? No, we will not agree to that. Do they want a constitution? The majority must agree. No one wants to replace Muammar Gaddafi. But the problem is a conspiracy against Libya.”29
Not long ago, what originally was thought to be a rebel stronghold, pro-Gaddafi forces had risen up in protest in Benghazi, despite known imprisonment and executions by the Libyan rebels against those deemed “pro-Gaddafi”. This was the sign of might and courage amongst the pro-Gaddafi forces:
So, as we can clearly see, Gaddafi not only still attains confidence among a section of his people, the confidence has grown to the vast majority of the Libyan people. Contradicting President Obama’s speech of Col. Gaddafi losing said confidence. Thus, losing justification among his claim of Col. Gaddafi “needing to step down from power.”
As the coalition continue to try and thwart the pro-Gaddafi forces from pushing forward towards the last key city Benghazi, and the rebel opposition continue to fail in pushing forward themselves, given the clear, overall, lack of support among the Libyan people, the civil war has yet to see an end. With socialist Libya long past being in the cross-hairs of imperialism, their independence is being threatened and are now, more than ever, needing the support and solidarity of all people around the world, and not just by Marxist-Leninists.
Long Live the Independence of Libya! Down With Western Imperialism!
Red Love & Salutes!
**UPDATE** Since first publishing this article, two major events have taken place that’ll only further my analysis over the Libyan rebels. According to the U.S. State Department, the “rebel government in control of the eastern part of Libya has made its first sale of oil from territory it controls” to a U.S. oil refiner known as Tesoro.30 The other major event took place only a few days before, in which it was announced that the Libyan rebels were going to officially recognize the Zionist state of Israel,31 a move that was never done by Col. Gaddafi, despite past concessions with that of the imperialists.
1. Mazzetti, M. and Schmitt, E., “C.I.A. in Libya Aiding Rebels, U.S. Officials Say”, The New York Times, March 30, 2011.
2. “Libya: Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa ‘defects to UK'”, BBC News, March 30, 2011.
3. Mazzetti and Schmitt.
4. BBC News, March 30, 2011.
5. “Transcript Of Obama’s Speech On Libya”, News One, March 28, 2011.
7. Swami, P., “Libyan rebel commander admits his fighters have al-Qaeda links”, The Telegraph, March 25, 2011.
8. Kumar Sen, A., “Gadhafi blames al Qaeda for uprising in Libya”, The Washington Times, February 24, 2011.
9. Dixon, N., “How the CIA created Osama bin Laden”, Green Left, September 19, 2011.
10. Raghavan, S., “Rebel council seeks to transform Libya”, The Washington Post, March 15, 2011.
12. “Libya: France recognises rebels as government”, BBC News, March 10, 2011.
13. Chossudovsky, M., “YUGOSLAVIA VERSUS LIBYA: NATO’s War of Aggression against Yugoslavia”, Global Researcher, March 24, 2011.
14. News One, March 28, 2011.
15. “The Conflict In Libya And Military Options For The International Community”, Youtube, March 16, 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5AEEbuV8Hg&feature=player_embedded
16. “DOD News Briefing with Secretary Gates and Adm. Mullen from the Pentagon”, U.S. Department of Defense, March 1, 2011.
“Q: Do you see any evidence that he actually has fired on his own people from the air? There were reports of it, but do you have independent confirmation? If so, to what extent?
“SEC. GATES: We’ve seen the press reports, but we have no confirmation of that.
“ADM. MULLEN: That’s correct. We’ve seen no confirmation whatsoever.”
17. ““Airstrikes in Libya did not take place” – Russian military”, Russia Today, March 1, 2011.
18. Nicholas, P., “U.S. considers action beyond no-fly zone”, The Spokesman-Review, March 17, 2011.
19. “‘The West is to be forgotten. We will not give them our oil’ – Gaddafi”, Russia Today, March 16, 2011.
20. “Reason for war? Gaddafi wanted to nationalise oil”, Pravda.ru, March 25, 2011.
21. “Libyan rebels ‘sign oil export deal with Qatar'”, BBC News, March 27, 2011.
22. “Libya: African migrants, no mercenaries!”, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, March 16, 2011.
23. “LIBYA: Rebels execute black immigrants while forces kidnap others”, Somaliland Press, March 4, 2011.
24. Martins Aresa, F., “World And Press Watch As Africans Are Lynched In Libya”, Sahara Reporters, March 1, 2011.
25. Smith, G. “In a rebel prison, any African is a mercenary”, The Globe and Mail, March 28, 2011.
26. “HRW: No mercenaries in eastern Libya”, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, March 2, 2011.
27. News One, March 28, 2011.
28. Friedman, G., “Libya, the West and the Narrative of Democracy”, Stratfor Global Intelligence, March 21, 2011.
29. Black, I., “Libya’s biggest tribe joins march of reconciliation to Benghazi”, Guardian, March 23, 2011.
30. Crawford, J., “Libyan rebel group sells first oil to U.S.”, CNN, June 8, 2011.
31. “Libyan rebels will recognise Israel, Bernard-Henri Lévy tells Netanyahu”, Radio France Internationale, June 2, 2011.